The Concept Of Education

The Concept Of Education

What is the concept
of education ?

The concept of education is one of the
most important sciences that man has achieved and developed over time, and it
has different types and methods. In conclusion, it depends on teaching and
learning new skills that were unknown before and develops man’s mental ability.

Scholars differed in defining education,
but they agreed on defining it as a process of training and teaching certain
foundations and principles and transmitting them across generations.

Definition of
education

There are two different definitions of
education and they are as follows:

Definition of education linguistically: Education is defined linguistically as refinement, and it is from the verb rābā meaning to exalt, increase, and grow, so it is said rābwah, meaning a high and elevated place, as stated in the Lisan al-Arab dictionary.

Definition of education idiomatically: It means building and developing physical and human characteristics through continuous training to form a more distinguished and sophisticated personality.

Scientists’
definition of education

Scientists' definition of education

Many scholars have shed light on the
concept of education, and among the most prominent definitions are the
following:

1.    Plato’s
definition of education

Plato saw that education is about training
and taming a person’s first instinct by giving him new habits.

2.    Sati’s
exclusive definition of education

Sati’ Al-Husri defined education as
raising an individual who is strong in body, of good character, of sound mind,
who loves his country, is proud of his nationalism, is aware of his duties, and
is equipped with the information necessary for him in his life.

3.    Herbert
Spencer’s definition of education

As for Herbert, he saw that education
means preparing the individual to live a full life.

4.    Ronnie
Aubert’s definition of education

Education, he says, is the sum of the
influences and actions that one human being exercises voluntarily on another,
often young, and aims to form various aptitudes that lead him to maturity and
perfection.

5.    Imam
Al-Ghazali’s definition of education

Education is the difference and separation
between humans and animals. It is the basis, starting point, and necessity for
the well-being of society.

The value of
education

The value of education is evident in
several aspects, the most important of which are:

  •  Human advancement and development.
  •  Enhancing positive values ​​in humans and getting rid of negative values.
  • Developing society culturally, economically and politically.
  • Empowering society in facing external and internal challenges.
  • Achieving societal cohesion between groups and individuals in one society by establishing good morals.
  • Modifying the societal behavioral pattern to a better one.
  • Education is an important element in the process of interaction between the individual and his environment in which he lives and how to preserve it.
  • Building a modern society by enabling it to keep pace with scientific and technological progress.

Education between
the past and the present

an illustration that contrasts the past and present experiences of parenting and education

In the past, parents relied on their
simple knowledge to raise their children, and education did not face complex
difficulties.

Education today faces many serious
challenges and has increased the responsibility of parents due to the terrible
technological progress and the comprehensive revolution that has accompanied it
in all aspects of social, economic, political life…etc.

In the past, children used to practice
simple hobbies and games such as swimming and football, so there was no
complex, mixed world as it is today.

The concept of
education

Principles of
education

Ø  Education is based on several important
principles, which are as follows:

  • It is concerned with guiding individuals to distinguish between right and wrong things.
  • It is considered the first pillar of human life.
  • It is associated with educational institutions and schools in directing student behavior.
  • It is part of human culture because of its connection to human concepts.

  Education and
ethics

Some have noticed that there are habits
learned by young people that are rooted in education, even though they are
negative and spread an ideology that does not make education move them toward
virtuous morals. The above leads to disastrous results on personal aspects, and
therefore fathers and mothers need cooperation.

More efforts must also be made in raising
children in order to preserve them and build moral values ​​and instill them in
them from a young age.

Here it is worth mentioning what Imam Ali,
may God bless him, said in an important educational hadith where he said: (Do
not force your children to follow your manners, for they were created for a
time other than yours.)

Therefore, parents must develop their
educational skills according to the development of the situation and the
advancement of technology, taking into account the aspect of flexibility in
dealing with children.

The most important
educational methods

Education is an important necessity of
life, as it contributes to supporting human behavior, using a group of the
following educational methods:

Adapting to the surrounding environment:
is making the child discover the environment surrounding him, while ensuring
that means are provided to protect him from exposure to harm.

A summary of the
concept of education

an illustration that emphasizes the importance and complexity of education in shaping individual lives and advancing societies

We conclude from the above that education
is not an easy process and is necessary for a person in his private and public
life, and it is also an urgent need for the advancement of societies.

Education is no longer concerned with the
theoretical aspect as much as it is applied, serving the educational process in
all its dimensions and components.

Society today is faced with complex
responsibilities that must be overcome, especially after young people have been
greatly informed and influenced by the West through negative phenomena.

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